Aide Humanitaire: L'OMS et Google testent les livraisons par drones
Après Amazon, l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) et Google ont tous deux annoncé leurs projets de livraison par drones pour apporter une aide humanitaire.
Emily Turrettini pour Bilan.
Informing The World's Illiterate Through a Mobile Device
InSTEDD's iLab Southeast Asia (SEA), an innovation lab located in Phnom Phenh, takes on the illiteracy challenge. Joseph Agoada, Communications Advisor, InSTEDDc explains how they do it, for the Huffington Post.
... In Cambodia, programs delivering critical information via mobile texts to citizens were disrupted by scripting of the local language, Khmer. Many of the second hand phones that the vulnerable population used did not have the ability to type or show words in the Khmer script language, making texted information unreadable and unproduceable.
Through initial interviews with both end users and program implementing organizations, assumptions about the problem were generated about the illiteracy and readability problem, contexts became intimately understood, and potential solutions around use of voice systems were proposed, tested and improved upon. Out of that iterative process came VerboiceTM an adaptable open-source tool that made it easy for anyone, speaking any language, to create and run their own customized interactive voice response systems for mobile phones.
Since its inception in 2011, Verboice has been used to make over 2 million calls worldwide, and is being deployed by dozens of organizations across sectors, cultures and countries for projects ranging from health related reminder calls for maternal n in East Africa to an election information hotline in Southeast Asia. The technology acts an innovation building block that can be plugged-in or build on top of existing work and tools while operating in the background.
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Xi'an hospital rebuilds man's skull with 3D printing technology
A hospital in Xi'an has used 3D printing technology to reconstruct a man's skull, the local Xi'an Evening Paper on Aug. 28.
The man, surnamed Hu, is a farmer who fell last year from the three-story house he was building onto a pile of logs. He was sent to hospital in a coma and doctors removed a crushed part of the left side of his skull.
Image above - Mr Hu prior to surgery with the indentation in the skull from his injury.
The Good Drone
Air Traffic Controllers for drones
The tech industry’s enthusiasm for building small delivery drones may be getting ahead of figuring out what to do with them. The New York Times reports.
Researchers at NASA are working on ways to manage that menagerie of low-flying aircraft. At NASA’s Moffett Field, about four miles from Google’s headquarters in Mountain View, Calif., the agency has been developing a drone traffic management program that would in effect be a separate air traffic control system for things that fly low to the ground — around 400 to 500 feet for most drones.
Much like the air traffic control system for conventional aircraft, the program would monitor the skies for weather and traffic. Wind is a particular hazard, because drones weigh so little compared with regular planes.
The system would also make sure the drones do not run into buildings, news helicopters or other lower-flying objects — a more challenging task than for an airplane flying at 30,000 feet. There would also be no-fly zones, such as anywhere near a major airport.
“One at a time you can make them work and keep them safe,” said Parimal H. Kopardekar, a NASA principal investigator who is developing and managing that program. “But when you have a number of them in operation in the same airspace, there is no infrastructure to support it.
Unlike the typical image of an air traffic control center — a dark room full of people wearing headphones and staring at radar screens — NASA’s system, like the drones themselves, would dispense with the people and use computers and algorithms to figure out where they can and cannot fly.
The commercial viability of delivery drones would depend heavily on two things: how many people live in the area and how much people are willing to pay for the service.
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